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Gaganyaan ("Sky Craft") is the first crewed orbital spacecraft of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme. It will be able to carry a crew of 1 to 3 into low earth orbit for up to seven days. Initially, it will not have rendezvous or docking capability, but those are planned upgrades. Launch mass (including both crew and service modules) will be 8,200 kg (18,100 lbs). The launch vehicle will be the GSLV Mk III.

Gaganyaan Modules (Credit:

A scaled down (550 kg) boilerplate test, called the Crew Module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment (CARE) successfully flew suborbitally on 18 December 2014.

CARE splashdown
Water landing of CARE (Credit: ISRO)

A successful launch abort test on 5 July 2018. The first unmanned orbital test flight is scheduled for December 2020, a second unmanned orbital test flight coming in July 2021, and the first manned flight (with a single crew member) is slated for December 2021.

GSLV Mk III (Credit: ISRO)


Page last modified: 31 October 2021 20:29:13.