These thirteen women underwent the same physical and psychological tests as their male counterparts. All completed two phases of testing before testing was suspended in July of 1961. Jerrie Cobb completed three phases of testing.
There had originally been 25 candidates for testing. This was reduced to these 13. Since testing was never completed, no actual training was ever performed.
Rhea Hurrle Allison Woltman (nee Hurrle), b. 1928, Fair Haven, Minnesota
Myrtle K. Thompson Cagle, b. 3 June 1925, North Carolina
Geraldyn "Jerrie" M. Cobb, b. 5 March 1931, Norman, Oklahoma
Jan Dietrich, b. 1926, San Francisco, California (d. 5 June 2008)(twin sister to Marion)
Marion Dietrich, b. 1926, San Francisco, California (d. 1 December 1974) (twin sister to Jan)
Mary Wallace "Wally" Funk II, b. 31 January 1939, Taos, New Mexico
Sarah Lee Ratley Gorlick (nee Ratley), b. 1931, Kansas City, Kansas
Jane "Janey" Briggs Hart, b. 20 October 1921, Midland, Michigan, (d. 5 June 2015)
Jean Hixon, b. 1921, Hoopeston, Illinois (d. 1984)
Irene Leverton, b. 3 March 1927, Chicago, Illinois (d. 6 July 2007)
Geraldine "Jerri" Sloan Truhill, b. 12 November 1928, Texas (d. 18 November 2013)
Bernice "Bea" Trimble Steadman, b. 9 July 1925, Rudyard, Michigan(d. 18 March 2015)
Gene Nora Jessen (nee Stumbough), b. 10 January 1937, Springfield, Illinois
Exuberant and thrilled to be at the Kennedy Space Center, seven women who once aspired to fly into space stand outside Launch Pad 39B near the Space Shuttle Discovery, poised for liftoff on the first flight of 1995. They are members of the First Lady Astronaut Trainees, who helped pave the way for the milestone Eileen Collins set: becoming the first female Shuttle pilot. Visiting the space center as invited guests of STS-63 Pilot Eileen Collins are (from left): Gene Nora Jessen, Wally Funk, Jerrie Cobb, Jerri Truhill, Sarah Ratley, Myrtle Cagle and Bernice Steadman. (click to enlarge)
To learn more about these unsung heroes:
Visit Mercury 13 - the Women of the Mercury Era.
Read The Mercury 13: The True Story of Thirteen Women and the Dream of Space Flight.