G.Bluford D.Brandenstein J.Buchli M.Coats R.Covey J.Creighton J.Fabian A.Fisher D.Gardner R.Gibson F.Gregory S.Griggs T.Hart F.Hauck S.Hawley J.Hoffman S.Lucid J.McBride R.McNair R.Mullane S.Nagel G.Nelson E.Onizuka J.Resnik S.Ride F.Scobee M.Seddon B.Shaw L.Shriver R.Stewart K.Sullivan N.Thagard J.van Hoften D.Walker D.Williams
D.Bursch L.Chiao M.Clifford K.Cockrell E.Collins N.Currie-Gregg W.Gregory J.Halsell B.Harris S.Helms T.Jones W.McArthur J.Newman E.Ochoa C.Precourt R.Searfoss R.Sega D.Thomas J.Voss C.Walz T.Wilcutt P.Wisoff D.Wolf
D.Barry C.Brady M.Cheli J.Clervoy C.Coleman M.Garneau M.Gernhardt J.Grunsfeld C.Hadfield S.Horowitz B.Jett K.Kregel W.Lawrence J.Linenger R.Linnehan M.López-Alegría S.Parazynski K.Rominger W.Scott S.Smith J.Tanner A.Thomas K.Wakata M.Weber
S.Altman M.Anderson J.Ashby M.Bloomfield K.Chawla J.Chrétien R.Curbeam T.Doi J.Edwards D.Gorie K.Hire R.Husband J.Kavandi S.Lindsey E.Lu P.Melroy C.Noriega J.Reilly S.Robinson S.Still-Kilrain F.Sturckow D.Williams
D.Brown D.Burbank Y.Cagle F.Calderio C.Camarda D.Carey L.Clark P.Duque E.Fincke P.Forrester S.Frick A.Fuglesang U.Guidoni J.Herrington J.Higginbotham C.Hobaugh J.Kelly M.Kelly S.Kelly P.Lockhart C.Loria S.MacLean S.Magnus M.Massimino R.Mastracchio W.McCool M.Mohri L.Morin S.Noguchi L.Nowak J.Payette P.Perrin D.Pettit J.Phillips M.Polansky P.Richards P.Sellers H.Stefanyshyn-Piper D.Tani G.Thiele R.Walheim P.Whitson J.Williams S.Wilson
C.Anderson L.Archambault T.Caldwell-Dyson G.Chamitoff T.Creamer L.Eyharts C.Ferguson M.Foreman M.Fossum K.Ham G.Johnson G.Johnson S.Love L.Melvin B.Morgan P.Nespoli W.Oefelein J.Olivas N.Patrick A.Poindexter M.Pontes G.Reisman P.Robertson H.Schlegel S.Swanson B.Tryggvason R.Vittori D.Wheelock S.Williams N.Woodward G.Zamka
NASA Payload Specialists
Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL)
Three groups of astronauts were selected by the Air Force for the MOL program. This would have been the first US space station. Like the X-20, the program was cancelled before it was ever flown. A number of the astronauts were subsequently selected by NASA in Group 7.
DoD Manned Spaceflight Engineers
Thirty-two military Manned Spaceflight Engineers (MSE) were selected and trained to accompany Department of Defense satellites on shuttle missions. Several were selected for missions, but only two ever flew in space. The program was cancelled in 1988 following the Challenger disaster.
Thirteen women were selected and enrolled in unofficial astronaut training. They were never officially declared astronaut candidates nor assigned to any flights. Fearing negative publicity if a woman was killed or injured during training or an actual flight, NASA ended the program in 1963. The reason given was that the program would drain scarce resources from the male astronauts.
Nine USAF pilots were selected in this, the first selection of candidates to fly in space. The program was short-lived, as a mere five weeks later on August 1, the project was cancelled when the newly formed NASA assumed all responsibility for manned space flight. Two of the nine did eventually reach space. Walker made two X-15 flights above 100 km, and Armstrong joined NASA in 1962 and became the first man to walk on the moon.
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