Automated Transfer Vehicle
Space Station (ISS) depends
on deliveries of food, water, clean clothes, and equipment for its crew. Europe's Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV)
was one of the indispensable ISS supply spaceships.
Every 12 months or so, the ATV hauled 7.5 tons of cargo from its Kourou launch site in French Guiana to the Station. Like the Russian Progress cargo modules, it was designed to automatically dock with the Station's Russian service module. An ATV remained docked for up to six months. It was then filled with trash and be destroyed in the Earth's atmosphere.
The ATV was pressurized, allowing crew members to enter wearing normal clothing.
The first ATV (ATV-1) was known as "Jules Verne". It was launched by an Ariane-5ESV on 9 March 2008. ATV-1 docked with the ISS from 3 April 2008 to 5 September 2008. Deorbit and burn occurred on 29 September 2008.
The second ATV (ATV-2) is named "Johannes Kepler". Launch was on 16 February 2011. The launch vehicle was again an Ariane-5 from the Arianespace launch site in Kourou, French Guiana. Planned de-orbit and burn occurred 21 June 2011.
The third ATV (ATV-3) is named "Edoardo Amaldi" in honor of Edoardo Amaldi (1908-1989) who was a co-founder of CERN and of ESA's precursor ESRO. Launch took place 23 March 2012, again using an Ariane-5 from the Arianespace launch site in Kourou, French Guiana. Docking occurred 28 March 2012.
ATV-4, "Albert Einstein" launched 5 June 2013. Docking occurred 15 June 2013.
Fifth and final ATV-5, "Georges Lemaître" launched 29 July 2014.
|Craft||Launch Date||Launch Time||Initial Dock Date||Inital Dock Time||Final Undock Date||Final Undock Time||Reentry Date||Reentry Time||Station||Notes|
|Jules Verne||9 March 2008||04:03:04||3 April 2008||14:45:00||5 September 2008||21:29:00||29 September 2008||13:43:00||ISS|
|Johann Kepler||16 February 2011||21:51:02||24 February 2011||15:59:03||20 June 2011||14:46:33||21 June 2011||20:52:00||ISS|
|Edoardo Amaldi||23 March 2012||04:34:00||28 March 2012||22:31:00||28 September 2012||21:44:00||3 October 2012||01:30:00||ISS|
|Albert Einstein||5 June 2013||21:52:18||15 June 2013||14:07:00||28 October 2013||08:55:00||2 November 2013||12:04:00||ISS|
|Georges Lemaitre||29 July 2014||23:47:45||12 August 2014||13:30:00||14 February 2015||13:42:00||15 February 2015||18:04:00||ISS||Final ATV|