Orbital Sciences Corporation
Orbital Sciences was contracted under COTS in 2008.
Founded in 1982, Orbital is a world leader in space and launch systems. They were headquartered in Dulles, Virginia and had operations in Arizona, California, Maryland, and Virginia. Selected in 2006 for NASA's COTS (Commercial Orbital Transportation Services), Orbital is under contract to provide eight resupply missions to the ISS between 2012 and 2015.
On 9 February 2015, Orbital Sciences Corporation merged with Alliance Techsystems to form Orbital ATK. Orbital ATK was then purchased by Northrop Grumman and on 6 June 2018 became Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems.
Being developed for this service is an advanced maneuvering space vehicle called Cygnus™. The Cygnus is composed of a service module incorporating avionics, propulsion and power systems proven in Orbital's existing satellite products, and a pressurized cargo module based upon the previous Multi-Purpose Logistics Module originally developed by Thales Alenia Space for NASA. The first launch took place on 18 September 2013.
A related but separate development is the Antares™ launch vehicle. Antares is a two stage vehicle, expandable to three stages, capable of launching multiple payloads to low earth orbit. Initially, launches will take place from the Wallops Flight Facility, but Antares will also be qualified to launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base (California) or Cape Canaveral (Florida).
Note: Cygnus and Antares are registered trademarks of Orbital Sciences Corporation.
|Craft||Launch Date||Launch Time||Initial Dock Date||Inital Dock Time||Final Undock Date||Final Undock Time||Reentry Date||Reentry Time||Station||Notes|
|Cygnus 1||18 September 2013||14:58:00||29 September 2013||12:44:00||22 October 2013||10:16:00||23 October 2013||18:15:00||ISS||Demo flight Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm. (Undock time approximation)|
|Orb-1||9 January 2014||18:07:00||12 January 2014||13:05:00||18 February 2014||10:15:00||19 February 2014||18:20:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Orb-2||13 July 2014||16:52:00||16 July 2014||12:53:00||15 August 2014||09:14:00||17 August 2014||13:11:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Orb-3||28 October 2014||21:22:40||30 November -0001||30 November -0001||28 October 2014||21:22:55||ISS||Vehicle exploded about 15 seconds after liftoff|
|OA-4||6 December 2015||21:44:47||9 December 2015||14:26:00||19 February 2016||10:38:00||20 February 2016||16:00:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|OA-6||22 March 2016||03:05:20||26 March 2016||14:52:00||14 June 2016||11:43:00||22 June 2016||13:05:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|OA-5||17 October 2016||23:45:36||23 October 2016||14:53:00||21 November 2016||13:22:00||27 November 2016||23:40:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm; Undock time actually release time|
|OA-7||18 April 2017||15:11:27||22 April 2017||12:39:00||4 June 2017||11:05:00||11 June 2017||17:08:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|OA-8||12 November 2017||12:19:51||14 November 2017||12:15:00||5 December 2017||17:52:00||18 December 2017||12:54:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|OA-9||18 May 2018||08:44:06||24 May 2018||12:13:00||15 July 2018||10:20:00||30 July 2018||09:17:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Cygnus NG-10||17 November 2018||09:01:31||19 November 2018||12:31:00||8 February 2019||14:37:00||25 February 2019||09:05:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Cygnus NG-11||17 April 2019||20:46:00||19 April 2019||11:31:00||6 August 2019||13:30:00||6 December 2019||15:28:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Cygnus NG-12||2 November 2019||13:59:47||4 November 2019||11:21:00||31 January 2020||13:10:00||17 March 2020||23:00:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Cygnus NG-13||15 February 2020||20:21:01||18 February 2020||11:16:00||11 May 2020||13:00:00||29 May 2020||19:30:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Cygnus NG-14||3 October 2020||01:16:14||5 October 2020||12:01:00||6 January 2021||12:15:00||26 January 2021||20:23:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Cygnus NG-15||20 February 2021||17:36:50||22 February 2021||12:16:00||29 June 2021||21 July 2021||01:30:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Cygnus NG-16||10 August 2021||22:01:05||12 August 2021||13:42:00||20 November 2021||13:00:00||15 December 2021||06:25:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Cygnus NG-17||14 February 2022||17:40:03||21 February 2022||12:02:00||30 November -0001||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|Cygnus NG-18||August 2022|
|Cygnus NG-19||April 2023|
Page last modified: 10 April 2022 13:31:02.