Space Exploration Technologies Corp.
SpaceX was established in 2002 by PayPal founder Elon Musk. Design and manufacturing facilities are located in Hawthorne, California, nedar the Los Angeles International Airport. Test facilities are located in central Texas. Launches taken place at Omelek Island in the Kwajalein Atol and Cape Canaveral in Florida.
Their launch vehicles include the Falcon 1, a two stage liquid oxygen/kerosene fueled vehicle for placing satellites in to low earth orbit. A single engine powers the first stage.
The Falcon 9 is also a two stage liquid oxygen/kerosene powered vehicle, but considerably large, having nine engines in the first stage.
The Falcon Heavy, under development, builds upon the technology of the Falcon 9. It will be the most powerful rocket in the world, producing 3.8 millions pounds of thrust at liftoff. Capability to low earth orbit will be over double what the space shuttle was able to accomplish. Payloads to interplanetary space will also be possible.
The Dragon is a reusable spacecraft which will initially be used to carry payloads to the International Space Station. As the craft is proven and experience gained, the goal in the future will be to also ferry astronauts to and from the space station. Working towards this goal, two launch abort tests are slated for 2014.
On 23 May 2012, a Falcon 9 launched from Cape Canaveral sending a cargo filled Dragon capsule towards the space station. The Dragon was captured by the space station's remote arm and docked to the station on 25 May 2012. On 31 May 2012, an ocean splashdown in the Pacific went as planned. Clearing this hurdle, SpaceX will commence with 12 cargo flights to the space station as contracted by NASA.
Falcon 9 on the launch pad
Dragon being moved by the ISS robotic arm
Note on dock and undock times: Our dock and undock times may differ from other sources because they confuse capture/release with berthing/unberthing. These are distinct events.
|Craft||Launch Date||Launch Time||Initial Dock Date||Inital Dock Time||Final Undock Date||Final Undock Time||Reentry Date||Reentry Time||Station||Notes|
|Dragon C2+||22 May 2012||07:44:38||25 May 2012||16:02:00||31 May 2012||09:49:00||31 May 2012||15:42:00||ISS||Demo flight. Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|SpaceX CRS-1||8 October 2012||00:35:00||10 October 2012||13:03:00||28 October 2012||11:55:00||28 October 2012||19:22:00||ISS||Engine anomoly left secondary payload in a useless orbit: Primary payload captu|
|SpaceX CRS-2||1 March 2013||15:10:00||3 March 2013||13:56:00||26 March 2013||08:10:00||26 March 2013||16:34:00||ISS||Anomoly with 3 thruster pods delayed capture and berthing by a day|
|SpaceX CRS-3||18 April 2014||19:25:00||20 April 2014||14:06:00||18 May 2014||11:53:00||18 May 2014||19:05:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|SpaceX CRS-4||21 September 2014||05:52:03||23 September 2014||13:30:00||25 October 2014||13:15:00||25 October 2014||13:38:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm (Undock time approximate)|
|SpaceX CRS-5||10 January 2015||09:47:10||12 January 2015||13:54:00||10 February 2015||17:11:00||11 February 2015||00:44:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|SpaceX CRS-6||14 April 2015||20:10:00||17 April 2017||13:29:00||21 May 2015||09:04:00||21 May 2015||16:42:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|SpaceX CRS-7||28 June 2015||14:21:00||28 June 2015||14:23:00||ISS||Vehicle exploded 2 min 19 sec after liftoff|
|SpaceX CRS-8||8 April 2016||20:43:00||10 April 2016||13:57:00||11 May 2016||11:02:00||11 May 2016||18:51:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|SpaceX CRS-9||18 July 2016||04:44:00||20 July 2016||14:03:00||25 August 2016||21:00:00||26 August 2016||15:47:00||ISS||Captured and berthed by ISS robot arm|
|SpaceX CRS-10||19 February 2017||14:39:00||ISS|