(Soyuz Taxi 4)
Yuri Gidzenko , Commander
Roberto Vittori , Flight Engineer (Italy)
Mark Shuttleworth , Flight Participant (South Africa)
Sergy Zalyotin (Soyuz TMA-1)
Frank De Winne (Soyuz TMA-1)
Yuri Lonchakov (Soyuz TMA-1)
Location: Baikonur, Site 1/5
Date: 25 April 2002
Time: 06:26:35 UTC
Date: 10 November 2002
Time: 00:04:20 UTC
Location: 50° 59' N, 67° 35' E
Zarya nadir, 27 May 2002 07:55 UTC - 9 November 2002 20:44 UTC
Duration: 198 days, 17 hours, 37 minutes, 45 seconds
Upload Call Sign: Uran (Uranus)
Download Call Sign: Yenisey
Mark Shuttleworth was the first African into space. He performed three South African sponsored experiments during the trip. Since he paid approximately $20 million (US) for the trip, he is classified as the second space tourist. The SA sponsored experiments and enthusiastic South African support made him somewhat more than "just a tourist".
Soyuz TM-34 was the replacement for Soyuz TM-33. The Soyuz is used as a lifeboat for the ISS. Because of fuel degradation, the Soyuz needs to be replaced every six months. The upload crew returned in Soyuz TM-33 after a 8 day stay aboard the ISS.
Page last modified: 20 June 2022 16:58:53.