Date: 26 April 2003
Time: 03:53:52 UTC
Date: 28 October 2003
Time: 02:40:20 UTC
Location: 49° 55' N, 66° 57' E
Zarya nadir, 28 April 2003 05:56 UTC - 27 October 2003 23:17 UTC
Duration: 184 days, 22 hours, 46 minutes, 28 seconds
Call Sign: Agat (Agate)
Soyuz TMA-2 is the replacement for Soyuz TMA-1. The Soyuz is used as a lifeboat for the ISS. Because of fuel degradation, the Soyuz needs to be replaced every six months. Originally, the upload crew was to have returned in Soyuz TMA-1 after a several day stay aboard the ISS. Due to the destruction of the shuttle Columbia on 1 February 2003 and the grounding of the shuttle fleet, Soyuz TMA-2 became the vehicle to both upload and download the Expedition 7 crew.
The problems which occurred with the Soyuz TMA-1 landed were resolved and this landing was uneventful.